Kazakhstan becomes 26th state party to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Below is a message from the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). We are pleased to report that on 29 August, the International Day against Nuclear Tests, Kazakhstan deposited its instrument of ratification for the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, becoming the 26th state party. From 1949 to 1989, an estimated 456 Soviet nuclear tests -- including 116 atmospheric tests -- were carried out at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan, with devastating long-term consequences for human health and the environment. Upon the break-up of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan inherited approximately 1,400 nuclear warheads, which it subsequently gave up -- recognizing that its

Tracing Supply Chains: Chinese Forced Labour Camps

Sustainable development goal 12 is responsible consumption and production – for this goal to be achieved, both consumers and businesses need to take action. In the current model implemented by the fashion industry, this can be difficult due to complex supply chains. The complex system of contractors and outsourcing makes it difficult to track the origins of the materials used to create final consumer products. This can lead to consumers inadvertently supporting unethical business practices. The process of outsourcing manufacturing also allows businesses to deny involvement in unethical business practices such as forced labour. With supply chains hidden or too complex to understand, consumers

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is in danger: Here’s how to save it

The following is a message from the European Leadership Network. Read the full policy brief, 'The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is in danger: Here’s how to save it', by European Leadership Network Fellow Maximilian Hoell, here. United Nations Security Council Meeting on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, 2016 (image by the US Department of State via Flickr) On the International Day Against Nuclear Testing, the ELN releases a new policy brief highlighting the challenges facing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and how these can be mitigated. Recent declarations in Washington indicate that the CTBT could become the next international arms control target. Given t

US abortion law is preventing women across the world from achieving gender equality

The global gag rule also known as the Mexico City Act is a piece of legislation that prevents NGOs from receiving USAID funding if they provide abortion services to pregnant women. This act has been expanded by the Trump administration, which has led to a reduction in reproductive healthcare services in around 6 different countries across the global south. This has meant that women across the world have been forced to carry unwanted or non-viable pregnancies to term. This has led to a rise in illegal and dangerous abortions and a number of deaths from complex pregnancies. Abortion and other reproductive healthcare services like the provision of contraceptives, family planning advice and anti

Is the civil society doing enough to tackle water scarcity in the UK?

It is evident that water scarcity is increasingly problematic as climate change emerges, yet little has its scope been acknowledged in developed nations such as the UK. Due to population growth, pressures on water sources increase. This makes water scarce overall, with the UK as no exception. This blog will discuss water scarcity in the UK and question whether the civil society’s current efforts are efficient to solve this problem. Source: BBC news: Low water levels at Wayoh Reservoir near Bolton in the UK heatwave in July 2018 - In its World Water Development Report 2019, the UN projects that more than 5 billion people are likely to suffer from wa

The Illegality of American Departure from the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty

Dr. Timmon Wallis, Executive Director of NuclearBan.US, denounced United States President Donald Trump on the 3rd of August for pulling the US out of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. The INF Treaty was signed by former President Ronald Reagan in 1987. Article VI, paragraph 2 of the US Constitution declares that "all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land." Therefore, every clause within the INF Treaty became officially incorporated into US law upon President Reagan's signing. The language of the INF Treaty stipulates that countries may only withdraw if “extraordinary events related to the subject matt

The United Convention on the Rights of the Child - the Scottish approach

What is the UNCRC This year marks thirty years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), which was produced in 1989. It is widely considered to be the most accepted human rights treaties with 196 UN state parties who have signed up to be bound by it. In the early days, the arguments in favour of producing this treaty was to demonstrate that the International Community wants to guarantee children's rights. Although children are including also in the rights entailed in the existing two UN Covenants, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, there were some gaps, e.g., the placement of children in car

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ratifies the TPNW

The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) yesterday welcomed the ratification of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) by the Caribbean nation of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines deposited its instrument of ratification yesterday, 31st July 2019, making it the 24th state party to the Treaty. ICAN hopes this ratification will help provide momentum in the lead-up to the high-level signature and ratification ceremony, taking place in New York on 26th September 2019. ICAN offers a campaigner guide of tips for promoting treaty signature and ratification. You can view a list of the current signatories and states parties to the

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